The 2011 census released by the Census authorities has revealed that percentages of Assamese, Bodo, Rabha and Mishing language speakers have declined.

Significantly, percentages of Bengali and Hindi speakers in the state have increased over the decade 2001-2011.

As per the report, the percentage of Assamese-speaking people in Assam has further declined to 48.38 percent in 2011 from 48.80 percent in 2001. Even the number of Bodo speakers declined to 4.53 per cent of the total population in 2011 from 4.86 per cent in 2001.

While, the percentage of Bengali-speaking people has increased to 28.91 in 2011 from 27.54 in 2001. And the number of Hindi speakers has increased to 6.73 per cent in 2011 as compared to 5.89 in 2001.

There has been a considerable decline in the percentage of Assamese-speaking people as compared to in 57.81 per cent in 1991. The Bengali-speaking people’s percentage in 1991 stood at 21.67 per cent.

Among the speakers of 22 Scheduled languages of the country, Hindi speakers top the list with the highest percentage of 43.63 followed by Bengali with 8.30 per cent in the second position.

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